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Style Guide

Please follow the guidelines below for any submission, papers may be rejected if they do not follow the guidelines.

[Word] and [LaTeX] Templates have been prepared in the appropriate format, please use these. Alternatively follow the description below:

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(2) PRINTING YOUR PAPER. (For hard-copy.) Print your properly formatted text on high-quality, 8.5 x 11-inch white printer paper (A4 size is also acceptable).

All printed material, including text, illustrations, and charts, must be kept within a print area 6-7/8 inches (approx. 17.5 cm) wide by 8-7/8 inches (approx. 22.5 cm) high.

(3) PAGE AND COLUMN LAYOUT. Start the first page in a one-column format. Center your title about 3 lines down from the normal top of the print area. Follow the title with two blank lines. The author name(s) and affiliation(s) are next, centered beneath the title and followed by two blank lines.

Your Abstract and the remainder of the paper are to be in a two-column format (except for figures or tables that may span both columns if necessary). If the last page is not filled, please divide the data into two equal columns.

Columns in the two-column format are to be 3-1/4 inches wide (approx. 8.5 cm), with a 3/8-inch (approx. 1.0 cm) space between columns, for a total print area width of 6-7/8 inches (approx. 17.5 cm). The length of the print area of any page must not exceed 8-7/8 inches (approx. 22.5 cm).

(4) TYPE STYLE AND SIZE OF TEXT. Normal text is to be single spaced in 10-point Times or Times Roman(or similar font), with 12-point interline spacing, in the two-column format. The first line of each paragraph is to be indented approximately 1/4 inch (approx. 0.7 cm), and the entire text is to be justified -- that is, flush left and flush right. Please do not place additional line spacing between aragraphs. Figure and table captions should be Helvetica 10-point boldface; callouts should be Helvetica 9-point nonboldface.

(5) ABSTRACTS. The Abstract should be approximately 150 words or fewer, italicized, in 10-point Times (or Times Roman.) Please leave two spaces between the Abstract and the heading of your first section.

(6) TITLE AND HEADINGS. The main title should be in Times (or Times Roman) 14-point boldface centered over both columns. In the main title, please initially capitalize nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs; do not capitalize articles, coordinate conjunctions, and prepositions (unless the title begins with such a word). Initially capitalize only the first word in first-, second-, and third-order headings. Leave two blank lines before author names(s)/affiliation(s).

AUTHOR NAME(S)/AFFILIATION(S) are to be centered in Times (or Times Roman) 12-point nonboldface. Leave two blank lines before your Abstract.

ABSTRACT HEADING. The abstract heading is to be 11-point boldface, initially capitalized and centered within the column.

FIRST-ORDER HEADINGS. First-order headings (for example, 1: Introduction) are to be Times 12-point boldface, flush left, with one blank line before, and one blank line after.

SECOND-ORDER HEADINGS. Second-order headings (for example, 1.1: Database elements) are to be Times 11-point boldface, flush left, with one blank line before, and one after. If you require a third-order heading (we discourage it), then it is to be in Times 10-point boldface, preceded by one blank line, and followed by a period and text on same line.

(7) ILLUSTRATIONS, GRAPHS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS. Illustrations, graphs, and photographs may fit across both columns, if necessary. Your artwork must be in place in the article. If you are printing a hard copy, use rubber cement to affix the artwork in place.

Although halftones can be shot from color prints, black and white photos are preferable. Please supply the best quality photographs and illustrations possible. The quality of the book cannot be better than
the originals provided.

(8) USE OF TAPE. (For hard copy.) Do not place cellophane tape over any part of your text or graphics. (Cellophane tape may distort or obliterate what it covers, and it retains fingerprints and dirt

(9) COLOR. The use of color on interior pages (that is, pages other than the cover) is prohibitively expensive. Consequently, we publish interior pages in color only when it is specifically requested and budgeted for by the conference organizers. If these proceedings are going to have color photos, you must provide a clearly marked slide with its corresponding plate number, your name, and the position of the slide (if there is more than one). You also need to identify the right side and the top of the slide. Please make a Xerox copy (or photocopy) of each photo (or a small, rough sketch) and attach it with rubber cement to show the intended size and location. Color photos are sent to a color separator before going to the printer, so it is essential that we have this information to ensure the correct display of your color graphics.

(10) FOOTNOTES. Use footnotes sparingly and place them at the bottom of the column in which they are referenced (not full width across two columns). Use Times 8-point type with 10-point interline spacing for footnotes. To help readers, avoid footnotes altogether and include necessary peripheral observations in your text (within parentheses, if you prefer, as in this sentence).

(11) REFERENCES. List and number all bibliographical references at the end of your paper in 9-point Times, with 10-point interline spacing. When referenced within the text, enclose the citation number in square brackets, for example [1].

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